Is derived from the Greek word “neilos” which means “river”.

River plays very important role in the culture of any country . One of the river Nile has also its own culture history which is as follow


  • The river serves as a major source of transportation. This is especially true during the flood season when road transportation in many areas along the river is impossible.

Major dams built on the Nile include the Aswan High Dam, Roseires Dam, Owen Falls Dam, and Sennar Dam.

  • There are several major cities that are located along the edge of the Nile. These cities are Cairo, Thebes/Luxor, Khartoum, Gondokoro, Aswan, and Karnak.
  • Hapi was the Nile god. Honouring a god was very important, so when a flood came the Egyptians would thank Hapi for bringing fertility to the land.
  • Every year, heavy summer rain in the Ethiopian highlands, sent a torrent of water that overflowed the banks of the Nile. When the floods went down it left thick rich mud (black silt) which was excellent soil to plant seeds in after it had been ploughed.
  • Relation of Ancient Egyptians with  the River NileMost Egyptians lived near the Nile as it provided water, food, transportation and excellent soil for growing food.Ancient Egypt could not have existed without the river Nile. Since rainfall is almost non-existent in Egypt, the floods provided the only source of moisture to sustain crops.
  • LocationThe River Nile is in Africa. It originates in Burundi, south of the equator, and flows northward through northeastern Africa, eventually flowing through Egypt and finally draining into the Mediterranean Sea
  • Its average discharge is 3.1 million litres (680,000 gallons) per second.
  • The Nile basin is huge and includes parts of Tanzania, Burundi, Rwanda, Congo (Kinshasa), Kenya.
  • The name Nile comes from the Greek “neilos”, which means valley.
  • The Ancient Egyptians called the river Ar or Aur (black) because of the colour of the sediment left after the river’s annual flood.
  • Lake Victoria, Africa’s biggest lake, is generally thought of as the source of the River Nile. On the northern edge of the lake, water pours over a waterfall, known as Ripon Falls, into a narrow opening which some people believe is the beginning of the River Nile.
  • Many parts of the Niles banks are teeming with Crocodiles. They are the largest crocodiles in Africa.
  • Numerous animals live in and around the river they include Nile crocodiles, Nile monitors, frogs, mongooses, turtles, tortoises, hippopotamus, wildebeest, baboons, and over three hundred species of birds.
  • The fertile soil and water supplied by the Nile enabled ancient civilizations in Egypt to form and flourish. Before stopped by dams the Nile would overflow every year leaving deposits of rich soil along the banks.
  • River Nile is formed from the White Nile, which originates at Lake Victoria and the Blue Nile, which originates at Lake Tana in Ethiopia. These rivers meet in Sudan and then go on their long journey northwards towards the sea.
  • The White Nile is a lot bigger than the Blue Nile, but because of losses along the way the it only contributes about 15% to the flow of the combined Nile. The Blue Nile, rising in Ethiopia, contributes about 85% to the flow of the Nile that passes through Egypt to the Mediterranean.
  • The Nile also gave the ancient Egyptians food. They used spears and nets to catch fish. They would also use the nets to catch birds that flew close to the surface of the water.

Another way the Nile helped the ancient Egyptians was in trade. The Nile was the quickest and easiest way to travel from place to place.

  • Area next to the River Nile

This area was known as the Black Land. Further away from the river was the Red Land, a region of inhospitable desert.

  • The River Nile flooded every year between June and September, in a season the Egyptians called akhet – the inundation.
  • The ancient Egyptians could grow crops only in the mud left behind when the Nile flooded. So they all had fields all along the River Nile.
  • Melting snow and heavy summer rain in the Ethiopian Mountains sent a torrent of water causing the banks of the River Nile in Egypt to overflow on the flat desert land.
  • The name of the river (Nile) is derived from the Greek word “neilos” which means “river”.
  • Ancient Egypt may have never become one of the greatest civilizations in history if it had not been for the Nile. Ancient Egypt relied on agriculture for its wealth and power.
  • The Ancient Egyptians called the river Ar or Aur which means “black”. They named it this because the annual flood left black sediment along the river banks.

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