Home ARCHAEOLOGY AND HISTORY The rock-cut temple complex —-Elephanta Caves

The rock-cut temple complex —-Elephanta Caves

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elephantThe rock-cut temple complex —-Elephanta Caves

Interesting information about Elephanta Caves

  • Elephanta Caves are historical sites , located in the region of Mumbai – the Financial Capital of India
  • The caves are located in the Gharapuri Island, which was renamed as ‘Elephanta Island’ by the Portuguese.
  • Elephanta Caves are hewn from solid rock.
  • In the interior of caves , there is one temple, which is dedicated to Lord Shiva. The complex of Elephanta Caves has a collection of shrines, inner cells, grand halls and porticos that are placed in such a way that they bring life to the rock architecture of India. It is filled with some exquisitely designed sculptures of Hindu Gods and Goddesses
  • Elephanta Caves are thought to date back to time of the Silhara Kings.
  • There are seven cave excavations, dating back to 6th-7th centuries A.D that form a part of Elephanta Cave complex
  • The rock-cut temple complex covers an area of 60,000 sq ft (5,600 m2), consisting of a main chamber, 2 lateral chambers, courtyards and subsidiary shrines.
  • In 1987, Elephanta Caves were designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
  • There are legends that suggest that the great warrior Prince of Chalukya Dynasty – Pulkesin ll built the Lord Shiva shrine, to celebrate his victory.
  • At Elephanta Caves, Lord Shiva is also depicted as Yogisvara – Lord of Yogis, seated on a lotus, and as Shiva Nataraja, the many-armed cosmic dancer.
  • The most important sculpture inside the Elephanta Caves is that of Trimurti Sadasiva, carved in relief, sited at the end of the N-S axis. The image, 20 ft in height, is that of the three headed-Lord, representing Panchamukha Shiva.
  • One of the sculptures in the caves depicts Lord Shiva bringing the Ganges River down to Earth, letting it trickle through his matted hair.
  • Most of the sculptures inside the caves were defaced by the Portuguese, who used them for target practice, in the 17th century.
  • Elephanta Caves are open for public viewing from 9 am to 5 pm on all days of the week, except Monday
  • Elephanta is an island off the Mumbai (Bombay) coast. So the first point is to get to Mumbai. This is one of the most connected cities in India. A large number of daily flights are operated to Mumbai (BOM) from the rest of the main cities in India. So are the international connections to Mumbai.

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