Gateway of India

Prominent landmark of Mumbai

Gateway of India: The 26 meters high archway was built to commemorate the visit of King George V and Queen Mary to India in 1911. It has main, large arch flanked by two smaller arches at the top are four spires enclosing a small space with large balconies on either side. An equestrian statue of Chhatrapati Shivaji and statue of Swami Vivekanand have been installed here

  • Gateway of India was built in the year 1920 by the Government of India.
  • The nature of the building is that of a gateway.
  • The foundation of the building was laid on March 31, 1911.
  • It was in 1914 that Indian Government sanctioned the design for the monument. The design was given by George Wittet.
  • The Gateway has been built from yellow basalt and reinforced concrete, While it is Indo-Saracenic in architectural style, elements are derived from the Muslim architectural styles of 16th century Gujarat and local styles of architecture as well.
  • The central dome is 15 meters in diameter and reaches to a height of 26 meters above ground.
  • The Viceroy, Earl of Reading inaugurated the gateway in Mumbai, on December 4, 1924.
  • The First Battalion of the Somerset Light Infantry was the last of the British troops which left India after its Independence. Incidentally, while retreating, the troop passed through the Gateway, in a ceremony on February 28, 1948.
  • As a matter of fact, even the last of the British ships, set sail for England from Gateway of India in Mumbai
  • Behind the Gateway, steps lead down to the waterfront, where boat trips can be had to locations such as Elephanta Island.
  • The statues of Chhatrapati Shivaji and Swami Vivekananda were installed later at the Gateway.
  • launches and cruiser anchored in the sea near archway, which carry tourists to the famous Elephanta Caves. The famous Tajmahal Hotel facing the Gateway of India is also a prominent landmark of Mumbai
  • The cost of the construction was a sum of Rs. 21 lakh, borne mainly by the Government of India.  For lack of funds, the approach road to the Gateway was never built. This is why it stands at an angle to the road leading up to it.
  • The whole harbor front was re-laid so that it would sweep down to the center of the town.
  • The Gateway has four turrets and is designed with intricate latticework.

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