A professional doctor and the master of short stories, Anton Chekhov is celebrated as Russia’s most famous and prized storyteller. He was one of the important figures who contributed to the beginning of modernism in theatre.Some of his most famous short stories are The Lady with the Dog, The Seagull, and The Three Sisters. His stories were comic satire pointing out the human folly and unhappy nature of existence.Chekhov was born on January 29, 1860, and died on July 15, 1904.
Some known and unknown facts about Anton Chekhov
- Along with August Strindberg and Henrik Ibsen, he is one of the important figures who contributed to modernism in theatre.
- He was born to a very abusive father who has been regarded as Chekhov’s model for duplicity in his classics and short-stories
- Chekhov’s family lived in poverty after his father fled to Moscow as he was declared bankrupt for overstretching his funds for building a new house
- Chekhov began selling his family’s possessions to support himself and the family. During this time, he started writing dramas for theatre and short stories. He gave up writing for theatre after The Seagull received poor reception from the audiences in 1896. The play became a success after it was performed by the famous Moscow Art Theatre
- When he decided to write stories, he wanted to earn money for the financial benefit at first. When readers found his stories difficult to understand, he stated that, “the writer creates the story not to answer the readers but to ask questions”
- He failed an Ancient Greek examination, which made him stay in school for a year. His humorous sketches on contemporary Russian life gave him names like Antosha Chekhonte and Man without a Spleen
- He studied medicine in college and became a qualified physician in 1884. It is said that he often treated his patients for freeThe Lady with the Dog has been regarded as the greatest short story ever written. In 1887, Anton Chekhov won the Pushkin Prize for his short story collection At Dusk
- Some of his more notable works include The Lady with the Little Dog, In Exile, The Chorus Girl, The Seagull, Peasant Wives, The Black Monk, Rothschild’s Fiddle, The Schoolmistress, The Grasshopper, Oysters, The Orator, Oh! The Public, Hush!, A Nervous Breakdown, Uncle Vanya and The Cherry Orchard Chekhov’s death has been retold and fictionalized many times.