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Black Tea-Some benefit , some Risk

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Popular beverage

Tea plays a very important role in our day to day life not only in India but also in the world as a health benefit of tea. After water tea is the most consumed beverage in the world. Tea originates from the Camellia sinensis plant. Due to the different method of harvesting plant and their processing on it, gives the different variety of tea. It also one type of nutrition

                                After harvesting, the manufacturer performs various types of processing such as wilting, bruising, rolling, and oxidation. Due to the presence of tea plants in air, oxidation takes place. There is a breaking process that takes place in leaves due to enzymes and brown color appears. Besides this particular familiar small come out.

                             The process of making green tea is somewhat different from manufacturer to manufacturer. Some of the manufacturers prefer to make oxidation. Due to oxidation particular type of smell comes. Oxidation help to give nutritional benefit as well as a health benefit. In green tea, there is a less nutritional benefit as compared to black tea.

In black tea nutritional content help to reduce the risk of several cancers. Besides this, there is also a health benefit is to protect the heart against atherosclerosis, and help maintain healthy blood pressure.

                    What’s more to say it is the rich source of antioxidants. Due to the external pressure and other environmental pressure from outside, unstable molecules are formed in the body. These unstable molecules are nothing but free radicals. The antioxidant property of tea help to fight against these free radicals. The natural immune power of the body tries to remove these free radicals. If more free radicals get https://www.webmd.com/food-recipes/antioxidants-your-immune-system-super-foods-optimal-healthbuilt up, then it may affect cell structure. These free radicals are responsible for the development of various diseases such as atherosclerosis and some cancers. Lastly, it is a rich source of antioxidants.

                                 According to research, it is found that phenolic compound which has antioxidant effects present up to 30 % of dry leaves of black and green leaves. Due to the oxidation process, an antioxidant in black tea is different as compared to green tea and hence there is a variation in taste and nutritional benefit of green and black tea. During oxidation, these convert into the arubigins, theaflavins, and flavonols.

Role of antioxidants in getting health benefits.

                                 Antioxidant fight against atherosclerosis. Free radicals in the body is one of the factors for building plaque in walls of arteries. Finally patient suffers coronary heart disease, stroke, and chronic kidney disease. A 2004 hamster study suggested that consuming black tea or green tea at human equivalent doses might prevent the development of atherosclerosis. As revealed by the study it is found that consuming the three to four cup of tea per day helps to prevent coronary heart disease. It is also important to note that consuming tea more than four to five cup daily percentage of caffeine increases.

Reduces the risk of Cancer

                                               The conclusion drawn as per the National Cancer Institute indicates that one of the constituents of tea is polyphenols help to reduce the chances of growth of the tumor. In addition to that, it helps to reduce the risk of skin, breast, lung, and prostate cancers. More researches are needed for the tea which is a part of the diet is a complete remedy for these diseases.

Tea for reducing blood pressure

                                              Research done in 2015, indicated that constituents in black tea are responsible for reducing the diastolic and systolic blood pressure. Besides this, it also helps to cancel the high impact of fat meal on blood pressure.

Tea for diabetic

Some research indicates that there is a relationship between consumption of tea and diabetic. Due to the consumption of black tea, there is less chances or controlling diabetes.When research and experiment were performed on 2 diabetic patients over 4 weeks,it is observed that regular consumption of black tea might have antioxidative and anti-inflammatory effects for people with this condition.

Tea for other diseases

As revealed by scientist it is observed that black tea might help improve bone density, reduce the risk of rheumatoid arthritis, and protect against Parkinson’s disease.

Nutrition in tea

Alkaloids, amino acids, and carbohydrates are all present in tea.

The NCI note that tea contains:

alkaloids, including caffeine, theophylline, and theobromine, amino acids, carbohydrates, proteins, chlorophyll, fluoride, aluminum, minerals and trace elements, volatile organic compounds, which contribute to its odor and taste

The antioxidant effect of black tea is due to its polyphenol content. Polyphenols are chemical compounds that protect plants from ultraviolet radiation and harmful, disease-causing pathogens.

Flavonoids are one type of polyphenol. They occur in grapes, red wine, and other foods. The antioxidant effect of polyphenols may help protect the body from changes that lead to disease.

Way of serve

Consuming black tea can be a healthful way to provide a daily caffeine boost. The tea is low in calories, especially when a person does not add sugar.

Ways of adjusting the flavor without adding sugar or sweeteners include:

blending the tea with spices, such as cinnamon, adding lemon juice, adding mint,

In poaching liquids: Poaching food in black tea infuses the aroma into the food. One idea is to poach mushrooms in lapsang souchong black tea.

For cooking beans and grains: Swapping water for tea when cooking rice or beans adds a smoky nuance to their flavor.

In desserts: Infuse the flavor of tea into warm milk and add to puddings or custards. Or, infuse Earl Grey black tea into a chocolate mousse.

       Risks

There may be some risks to drinking black tea. The following sections discuss these risks in more detail.

Toxic elements

All brewed tea contains minerals that, in excess, can be poisonous. Lead and aluminum are present in tea. In large doses, these heavy metals can be toxic to humans. Minor traces of arsenic and cadmium can also be present in some teas, but not in harmful quantities.

Black tea also has high levels of manganese. The body needs this mineral, but it can be toxic in excess.

The longer the tea brews, the higher the concentration of these toxic elements will be. Brewing tea for a maximum of 3 minutes can reduce the risks. Depending on where and how people grow tea, there may also be traces of pesticides in the leaves. This is another reason for people to limit the amount of tea they consume each day.

Effects of caffeine

Black tea contains around 2–4% caffeine. People who are sensitive to caffeine could experience insomnia, anxiety, irritability, or an upset stomach when consuming tea in large quantities.

Consuming too much caffeine may also lead to:

cardiac arrhythmia, or an irregular heartbeat, diarrhea and irritable bowel syndrome, eye pressure, and possible glaucoma, an increase or decrease in blood sugar, an increase in blood pressure, a loss of calcium through the urine, which could lead to weakened bones and possible osteoporosis

People who drink tea regularly and who experience any of the above symptoms should consider reducing their tea consumption. If symptoms continue, they should see a doctor.

Anemia

Black tea contains tannins. One 2017 review found that tannin-rich foods, such as tea, maybe a good source of antioxidants, but that they can also reduce the body’s ability to absorb iron.

For this reason, people with a history of iron deficiency should avoid consuming tea when taking iron supplements or eating an iron-rich meal. They should also leave an hour between eating and drinking black tea.

Side Effects Of Black Tea

Increased Risk Of Miscarriage

Pregnant women should ideally consume black tea in a moderate amount. Drinking more than 2-3 cups per day can be considered unsafe for them as more black tea means more caffeine intake. All this can lead to reduced birth weight of the child, increased risk of miscarriage, and even sudden infant death. Moreover, this can create unnecessary bowel movements in the babies, thus, making them more irritable.

Constipation

Drinking excess black tea can make you feel constipated. This happens primarily because of the number of tannins present in it. If you consume more than required, your body starts storing an undue amounts of waste products which, as a consequence, leads to constipation. So, you should monitor the amount of black tea you consume per day, which should, ideally, not be more than 2-3 cups.

       Causes Anxiety

Black tea consists of a good amount of caffeine and one of the harmful effects of drinking excess caffeine is, that it causes anxiety. This can cause your mouth to dry up, shortage of breath, cold or sweaty hands, feeling of numbness, insomnia etc. These are the symptoms of anxiety disorder, which can be avoided by monitoring the intake of black tea.

       Causes Diarrhoea

Caffeine is the key ingredient present in black tea and when consumed in excess, it stimulates your digestive system and, in some cases, can result in diarrhea. Further, it impacts your central nervous system, can cause insomnia, palpitations etc.

Makes The Bones Weak

Excess consumption of black tea can escalate the amount of calcium that gets flushed out while urinating. Your body, in turn, will suffer from lack of calcium which will make your bones brittle. Thus, moderate consumption of black tea is the only solution to avert this health ailment.

       Cardiovascular Problems

Black tea is not recommended for those who are suffering from heart problems like heart attacks, strokes, cardiac asthma etc. This is so because the caffeine content present in it is dangerous for the cardiovascular system. Excess intake of black tea can lead to gastric ulcers, acidity, high blood pressure and the like.

source

https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/292160#summary

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