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Know about Leukemia
- Approximately every 4 minutes, someone in the United States is diagnosed with a type of blood cancer.
- There are 3 main types of blood cancers
- Leukemia, cancer that is found in your blood and bone marrow;
- Lymphoma, blood cancer that affects the lymphatic system;
- Myeloma, blood cancer that specifically targets your plasma cells.
- There are 2 main types of lymphoma: Hodgkin lymphoma spreads in an orderly manner from one group of lymph nodes to another and Non-Hodgkin lymphoma spreads through the lymphatic system in a non-orderly manner.
- Over 1 million Americans are living with, or are in remission from, leukemia, lymphoma or myeloma. Those with blood disorders are often in need of blood transfusions. Host a zombie-themed blood drive to keep your local blood bank stocked. Sign up for Zombie Blood Drive.
- Age is the most significant risk factor for developing myeloma. People under 45 rarely develop the disease, while those ages 67 or older are at greatest risk.
- Approximately every 5minutes, someone in the world dies from a blood cancer.
- Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma is the 6th most common cancer in males and 7th most common cancer in females in the US.
- Leukemia is the 10th most frequently occurring type of cancer in all races or ethnicities.
- Leukemia, Hodgkin’s Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma, neoplasms of the brain and other nervous tissue are the most common types of cancer in children and adolescents younger than 20 years old.
- About 31% more males are living with leukemia than females. And more males than females are diagnosed with leukemia and die from it.
- The 5-year survival rate for non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma and leukemia is about 10% lower for African-Americans than whites.
- The exact cause of leukemia isn’t actually known. There are some possible risk factors that have been shown to be promising. People who are exposed to higher levels of radiation may develop this disease and exposure to high chemical levels, such as formaldehyde, may also cause it. Smoking has been confirmed as a risk factor for certain forms of leukemia and drugs that are used in long-term chemotherapy may also cause it.
- There are some common symptoms of leukemia, but not everyone has the same types of symptoms. General feelings of fatigue, frequent infections or night sweats and frequent fevers are often seen. People with leukemia tend to bruise more easily and will have bleeding gums, even with good oral health. There can be pain in the joints or the bones, abdomen swelling, and swollen lymph nodes in the neck and arm.
Most people who get leukemia don’t have any of the risk factors that are known. This means preventing leukemia isn’t possible to do beyond limiting known exposures. The main thing that can be done to prevent leukemia is to stop smoking. 1 out of every 5 cases of acute myeloid leukemia that occurs in adults has been directly linked to smoking