Enjoy …..Kerala backwaters



Kerala backwaters

  • The Dutch invaded Cochin in 1653 and took over rule from the Portuguese in 1663.
  • Cochin is the colonial name of Kochi, India, a major port city by the Arabian Sea on the southern part of India’s west coast.
  • The Vasco house , historical place located on Rose Street in Fort Kochi, is one of the oldest Portuguese houses in India and features European glass pane windows and verandahs.
  • Santa Cruz Basilica, the original Catholic Church in Fort Kochi, was built by the Portuguese in 1505 and named as a cathedral in 1558. The current structure dates to 1905 and was made a basilica by Pope John Paul II in 1984.
  • Average rainfall of 132 days occurs especially during the June to September southwest monsoons and the northeast monsoons between October and December. In between  October and March , there is a best time to enjoy .
  • Cochin’s best item for shoppers include metal ware, wood carvings, and articles made of coconut shells, bamboo cane, or rattan. Shops generally open at 10 am and close around 8 pm, and are closed on Sundays.
  • Enjoying boat riding  through the backwaters – dotted with many small islands – that separate Ernakulam from Fort Kochi and Mattanchery by tourist possesses special enjoyment
  • The Jewish Synagogue, located near the Dutch Palace in Mattancherry, was built in 1568. It’s decorated with magnificent Chinese tiles and Belgian chandeliers, and houses giant scrolls of the Old Testament.
  • Ninety percent of all of the pepper that India produces is traded through the International Pepper Exchange at Kochi
  • Francis Church, the oldest church built by Europeans in India, contains a clearly-marked burial spot for Portuguese trader Vasco da Gama, who died in Cochin during his third visit. Vasco was buried in the St. Francis Church, but his remains were later taken back to Portugal.
  • Cochin is the headquarters of India’s Southern Naval Command
  • Italian traveler Nicolas Conti wrote in his travelogue: “China is where you make your money, then Cochin is surely the place to spend it.”
  • History and development of Cochin are related with the efforts of Arabs, British, Chinese, Dutch, and Portuguese . According to them , Cochin as ‘Mini England’, the Dutch called it ‘Homely Holland’ and the Portuguese referred to the port as ‘Little Lisbon’.
  • . When India lost to the British in 1814, Cochin became a part of the British Empire.
  • With its strategic location on the international seafaring route between Europe, the Middle East, Asia and the Pacific Rim, the harbor of Kochi soon developed into a major world trading center for high-quality pepper, cardamom, cinnamon and cloves.
  • Under the Portuguese, Cochin grew into a prosperous town and in 1530 AD built a fort at called ‘Manuel Kotta’ (Fort Emmanuel).
  • Kochi has been important spice trading center on the west coast of India, connecting the mainland to the rest of the world and known as the “Queen of the Arabian Sea since 600 years back .
  • Kochi’s rise to fame began in 1340 AD, when massive flooding of the Periyar River destroyed the world-famous port at Cranganore, while also creating a natural harbor at the nearby city of Kochi.
  • Cochin fishermen use massive fishing nets called Cheenavala. Photo by Jorge Royan.
  • Occupied by the Portuguese Empire in 1503, Cochin was the first of the European colonies in colonial India. Chochin was the main seat of Portuguese India until 1530, when Goa was chosen instead
  • While Malayalam is the official language of the state of Kerala, English is widely spoken.
  • After India became independent in 1947, the state of Kerala was formed by the unification of provinces Kochi, Malabar and Travancore in 1956. Kochi was formed in 1967 by the merger of the towns – Fort Kochi, Mattanchery, Ernakulam and many nearby villages.
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